POV Jack: [the movie]

In newbie screenplays I often read “POV [Character Name]”. This is almost always unnecessary.

BTW, Any technical element that is about HOW it is filmed rather than WHAT is filmed, takes us out of the read. This includes “Point of View”.

So it is annoying.

But more importantly, it is totally superfluous.

To get my point, it is important to distinguish two types of ‘point of view’ in movies: One is the Camera POV, the other is the Story POV.

1. Camera Point of View

This is the place where the camera will go. Sometimes it will be the place where (the eyes of) the characters are imagined to be. In some rare cases, this technique is taken to the extreme, such as in movies like Lady in the Lake (1946) and Dark Passage (1947).

Here is an example of the use of POV in a script:

POV Jack: We see how slowly the monster puts Danny back on his feet, then turns to face us.

Danny, grappling with the fact that he’s still alive, disappears behind the nearest rock.

The monster stands up and roars. The sound is deafening.

It is now coming at us…

Nice, but you know, directing is not our concern.

As screenwriters, we must refrain from adding directorial comments. And telling the director where to put the camera is a serious intrusion.

2. Story Point of View

This Point of View refers to the story and more specifically the character that drives the story – or the particular scene.

So this surely is our concern. So how do we determine the Story POV?

I’ll make an attempt:

The Story POV is the perspective of the character in the scene or the story we empathize with most, through whom we experience the story. In the beginning of the movie, as we’re trying to figure out what’s going on, it’s often the character who asks the questions. Remember the opening of Back to the Future? Marty has a lot of questions when he doesn’t find Doc at his lab. And so do we. As a result, we put ourselves in Marty’s shoes, in his Story POV. Yet nowhere in that opening does it say “POV: Marty” in the screenplay.

The Story POV will almost always be that of the Hero.

However, in a scene from the Story POV of Jack, the Camera POV will mostly alternate between Jack and one or more other characters, or a neutral (technically invisible) 3rd person POV.

Now, in 99% of the cases where a beginning screenwriter writes “POV: [Character Name]”, this character is effectively the Hero.

So if
1) the Camera POV is not our business and
2) the Story POV is already that of the Hero anyway,
why putting it in the screenplay as a camera direction?

Tell me in the comments if you know of exceptions where it is helpful or even essential to clarify the point of view in the script.

Always keen to learn!

– Karel Segers

Karel Segers is a producer and script consultant who started in movies as a rights buyer for Europe’s largest pay TV group Canal+. Back then it was handy to speak 5 languages. Less so today in Australia.

Karel teaches, consults and lectures on screenwriting and the principles of storytelling to his 5-year old son Baxter and anyone who listens.


He is also the boss of this blog.

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6 thoughts on “POV Jack: [the movie]”

  1. What if the scene is not of POV of the Hero? What if the scene is actually from the POV of another character? Is it then necessary to write POV?

      • I’ve written a script where memories are captured via technology and allow the individual via their DNA to travel back to the memory and change the outcome.

        I won’t go on and on about the plot but basically certain ‘memories’ are captured from the POV of various characters.

        In such an instance would I need to write POV with the character then Karel?

        • Possibly.

          On the other hand, if what we see is a video image, all you really need to do is describe what’s on the screen.

          Until we SEE which character’s POV the pictures are from (they look in a mirror), it would be cheating.

  2. To me writing “POV character name” in a script is the same as just writing “character name” but will just annoy the reader/director as you have mentioned. Just drop the POV :)


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